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15 fascinating facts about Peru


Kids from Peru
Kids from Peru

Peru is a country located in western South America that is known for its rich cultural heritage, ancient ruins, and stunning landscapes. Here are 15 fascinating facts about Peru:

  1. Peru is home to Machu Picchu, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This ancient Incan citadel is located on a mountain ridge in the Andes, and it attracts thousands of visitors each year.

  2. The Nazca Lines are another famous attraction in Peru. These geoglyphs were created by the Nazca culture over 2,000 years ago, and they can only be seen from the air.

  3. Peru has a diverse population, with indigenous groups making up around 25% of the total population. There are also significant populations of people with African, Asian, and European ancestry.

  4. The Peruvian Andes are home to over 4,000 varieties of potatoes, which have been cultivated in the region for thousands of years.

  5. Lake Titicaca, located on the border between Peru and Bolivia, is the highest navigable lake in the world. It is also home to several indigenous communities that have lived in the area for centuries.

  6. The Peruvian Amazon covers over 60% of the country and is home to an incredible array of wildlife, including jaguars, monkeys, and macaws.

  7. Ceviche, a dish made from raw fish marinated in lime juice, is a national dish of Peru. It is typically served with sweet potato and corn.

  8. The Peruvian national football team has never won a World Cup, but they have made it to the tournament five times.

  9. The Inca Trail, a 26-mile trek through the Andes that ends at Machu Picchu, is one of the most popular hiking trails in the world.

  10. Lima, the capital of Peru, was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. It is now a bustling metropolis with a population of over 9 million people.

  11. The Peruvian national instrument is the charango, a small guitar-like instrument made from the shell of an armadillo.

  12. The Peruvian national holiday is Independence Day, which is celebrated on July 28th and 29th. It commemorates Peru's declaration of independence from Spain in 1821.

  13. The Peruvian currency is the sol, which was introduced in 1991 to replace the inti. One sol is currently worth about 0.25 US dollars.

  14. The Peruvian coastline is home to some of the best surf spots in the world, including Chicama, which has the longest left-hand wave in the world.

  15. The Peruvian Paso is a breed of horse that is known for its smooth gait and flashy movements. It has been declared a Cultural Heritage of the Nation by the Peruvian government.

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